Traditional studies on falconry realize that this art began in the Far East ; archeology , however, found evidence that falconry in the Middle East date from the first century BC .
Falconry was a popular sport among the nobles of medieval Europe and feudal Japan , true status symbol . In Japan it is called takagari .
Eggs and young birds hunting were rare and expensive , and the raising and training falcons requires time , money and space process - which restricted his practice to the nobility . In Japan there was even serious restrictions on who could hunt , which animal species that could be hunted and where , taking as a basis the hierarchy of the person in the samurai .
In art , as in other cultural aspects such as literature , falconry remained a status symbol even after having lost interest among its practitioners . And stuffed eagles , and falcons on the walls , metaphorically symbolized its owner was noble and brave .
Prints or paintings with falcons or falconry scenes could be bought by the rich , and display them was more comfortable than the practice of sport , also serving to index certain degree of nobility and status .
It is possible that falconry has been developed in China , as there are many references on their practice before the Christian era in various Chinese and Japanese texts . The oldest representation of falconry is a bas-relief found in the late nineteenth century in Korshabad , the current Iran , dated 1350 BC .
There is not enough evidence to determine if falconry was practiced in ancient Egypt , but still there are enough images of falcons , which were considered mythical birds . There is even a falcon-headed god - Horus - and mummified falcons have been found in tombs of the pharaohs .
Falconry appears represented in ruins in Turkey and remains belonging to the Assyrian civilization, is also mentioned in some Greek texts .
Although falconry has not been widespread among the Romans, they employed the eagle owl and took advantage of the differences between daytime and nighttime predators to birds , with the help of this species of owl, to capture diurnal raptors aversion .